You may refer to a searchable copy of the US Constitution at US Constitution Online. Here are the answers to our quiz:
Which of the following words does NOTappear in the Constitution?
While “slavery” appears, “slave” does not. It is surprising that a topic of such controversy is sp0ken of in such oblique language in the Constitution. “Magazine” refers to a place where ammunition is stored.
A president of the United States must have resided within the US for
Answer: 14 years
See Article II Section 1
No person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.
The Supreme Court is tasked with advising Congress as to the constitutionality of proposed legislation.
The Supreme Court rules on actual controversies, not hypothetical ones. Section III deals with the Judiciary.
Which of the following words appears in the Constitution including amendments (either in singlular or plural form)?
While most people will know that there was a constitutional amendment on the subject, alcohol was not mentioned by name. “Erection” is mentioned in Article I, Section 8:
and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;
What is a “bill of attainder”?
Answer: Legislation declaring someone guilty without a trial
Which of the following is NOT explicitly listed as a power of Congress in the Constitution?
Answer: Protect individual privacy
All of the others are listed.
Which of the following is Congress explicitly PROHIBITED from doing by the Constitution?
Answer: Taxing exports
No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.
Article I Section 9
Ah Yuk was summarily sentenced to 30 days hard labor under the Chinese Exclusion Act (an act prohibiting Chinese immigrants from becoming US citizens, and regulating their travel and employment) for being in the US illegally. This was held to be unconstitutional because:
Answer: It violated the 5th and 6th amendments.
“Summarily sentenced” means that there was no jury trial. The 5th and 6th amendments deal with the right to trial by jury.
Federal Judge Edgerton said in In Re: Ah Yuk
…I think he [the circuit commissioner] exceeded his authority under the law, and also under the limitations and restrictions of Articles 5 and 6 of the amendments to the constitution when he sentenced him to hard labor…
Lesson learned: The majority is not always right.