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Constitution Quiz answer key

You may refer to a searchable copy of the US Constitution at US Constitution Online. Here are the answers to our quiz:

Which of the following words does NOTappear in the Constitution?

Answer: Slave

While “slavery” appears, “slave” does not. It is surprising that a topic of such controversy is sp0ken of in such oblique language in the Constitution. “Magazine” refers to a place where ammunition is stored.

A president of the United States must have resided within the US for

Answer: 14 years

See Article II Section 1

No person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.

The Supreme Court is tasked with advising Congress as to the constitutionality of proposed legislation.

Answer: False

The Supreme Court rules on actual controversies, not hypothetical ones. Section III deals with the Judiciary.

Which of the following words appears in the Constitution including amendments (either in singlular or plural form)?

Answer: Erection

While most people will know that there was a constitutional amendment on the subject, alcohol was not mentioned by name. “Erection” is mentioned in Article I, Section 8:

and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;

What is a “bill of attainder”?

Answer: Legislation declaring someone guilty without a trial

See Wikipedia article

Which of the following is NOT explicitly listed as a power of Congress in the Constitution?

Answer: Protect individual privacy

All of the others are listed.

Which of the following is Congress explicitly PROHIBITED from doing by the Constitution?

Answer: Taxing exports

No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.

Article I Section 9

Ah Yuk was summarily sentenced to 30 days hard labor under the Chinese Exclusion Act (an act prohibiting Chinese immigrants from becoming US citizens, and regulating their travel and employment) for being in the US illegally. This was held to be unconstitutional because:

Answer: It violated the 5th and 6th amendments.

“Summarily sentenced” means that there was no jury trial. The 5th and 6th amendments deal with the right to trial by jury.

Federal Judge Edgerton said in In Re: Ah Yuk

…I think he [the circuit commissioner] exceeded his authority under the law, and also under the limitations and restrictions of Articles 5 and 6 of the amendments to the constitution when he sentenced him to hard labor…

Lesson learned: The majority is not always right.

9 Responses to Constitution Quiz answer key

  1. avatar
    Majority Will September 2, 2010 at 9:06 pm #

    “The majority is not always right.”

    Ouch! 🙂

  2. avatar
    Expelliarmus September 2, 2010 at 10:11 pm #

    As long as we are learning about the Constitution, here’s an interesting little birther-related wrinkle on that “making regulations for the Army” part.

    Actual text, Article 1 sec. 8: Powers of Congress:

    To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;

    To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;

    To provide and maintain a Navy;

    To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces;

    To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;

    To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;

    And here’s how it pertains to birthers, specifically Lt. Col. Lakin:

    The judge ruled that the matter of Obama’s eligibility is not relevant because he did not give any orders in the case. She pointed out that while the president is commander-in-chief of the military, it is Congress that is constitutionally empowered to raise armies, pay them and equip them.

    Any contention that any orders are invalid if the president is ineligible “is erroneous,” the judge said

    See: http://edition.cnn.com/2010/CRIME/09/02/birther.court.martial/#fbid=WkzIq3t_Yif&wom=true

  3. avatar
    Keith September 3, 2010 at 12:27 am #

    From the CNN article Expe linked:

    “It completely deprives us of any opportunity to present a defense in this case,” Jensen said.

    No sh*t, Sherlock!

    Which part of the “you ain’t gonna get discovery that way, and you’d better work on getting LTC Lakin a good bunk at Ft. Levenworth” message didn’t you understand? You’ve been told by any number of experts, from Military Lawyers, to (proper) Constitutional Experts, to High School bloggers, that you don’t have a defense and you won’t get discovery.

    What is the point of destroying your client’s life further?

    Phil Cave said you looked deflated. Has the penny dropped? Will your ego allow you to quietly withdraw and let his apparently excellent Military attorney MAJ Kemkes get the best possible outcome for LTC Lakin?

  4. avatar
    Whatever4 September 3, 2010 at 1:40 am #

    “Alcohol” caused me to fail to consider the “erection”. Ain’t that always the case.

  5. avatar
    Rickey September 3, 2010 at 3:16 am #

    Expelliarmus:
    The judge ruled that the matter of Obama’s eligibility is not relevant because he did not give any orders in the case. She pointed out that while the president is commander-in-chief of the military, it is Congress that is constitutionally empowered to raise armies, pay them and equip them.

    And a similar principle applies to the birther argument that if their fantasies came true and Obama were found to be ineligible, all of his “appointments” (including SCOTUS justices) would be invalid. They fail to comprehend that the President only nominates judges – it is the Senate which actually confirms them.

  6. avatar
    Dr Kenneth Noisewater (Bob Ross) September 3, 2010 at 9:18 am #

    Whatever4: “Alcohol” caused me to fail to consider the “erection”. Ain’t that always the case.

    I had a college professor who everytime he meant to say election he would say erection. So he’d ask us stuff like who won the erection of 1960

  7. avatar
    misha September 3, 2010 at 9:50 am #

    Dr Kenneth Noisewater (Bob Ross): I had a college professor who everytime he meant to say election he would say erection. So he’d ask us stuff like who won the erection of 1960

    Does anyone remember Emily Litella complaining about “flea erections”?

    “Excuse me, Miss Litella, but that’s ‘free elections.'”

    “Nevermind”

  8. avatar
    Majority Will September 3, 2010 at 9:53 am #

    Dr Kenneth Noisewater (Bob Ross):
    I had a college professor who everytime he meant to say election he would say erection.So he’d ask us stuff like who won the erection of 1960

    Marilyn Monroe?

  9. avatar
    Dr Kenneth Noisewater (Bob Ross) September 3, 2010 at 10:11 am #

    Majority Will: Marilyn Monroe?

    Quite possibly