I stumbled across an interesting text this morning, “Elementary catechism on the Constitution: for the use of schools” (1828) by Arthur J. Stansbury. It presents a series of questions and answers about the Constitution. One question in particular interested me:
Q. May any person be chosen President of the United States ?
A. Not every person ; none may be chosen unless he has been born in the United States, or was a citizen when the Constitution Was agreed to, nor can such a one be chosen if he is less than thirty-five years old, or if he has not resided within the United States for fourteen years.