Samuel Johnson wrote a famous English dictionary published in 1755. Below is a transcription I made of the words “native” and “natural,” omitting the usage examples. You can view the text here.
NATIVE. adj. [nativus, Latin; natif-ve, Fr.]
[1.] Produced by nature; natural, not artificial.
2. Natural; such as is according to nature.
3. Conferred by birth.
4. Relating to birth, pertaining to the time or place of birth.
5. Original; natural.
NATIVE. n. s.
1. One born in any place; original inhabitant.
NATURAL. adj. [naturel, French, from nature.]
1. Produced or effected by nature.
3. Bestowed by nature.
4. Not forced; not farfetched; dictated by nature.
5. Consonant to natural notions.
6. Tender; affectionate by nature.
7. Unaffected; according to truth and reality.
8. Opposed to violent; as a natural death.
NATURAL n.s. [from nature.]
1. An idiot; one whom nature debars for understanding; a fool.
2. Native; original inhabitant.
3. Gift of nature; nature ; quality.
I note that some of the definitions are shared between the two words.